U.S. Military Programs in Africa, U.S. Policy Toward Africa, and AFRICOM by Daniel Volman
From: ACAS Bulletin 78 : The Politics of Africom
ACAS Bulletin, No. 78, Winter 2007
TABLE: U.S. Military Programs in Africa, U.S. Policy Toward Africa, and AFRICOM (PDF)
By Daniel Volman
I took these tables from the PDF and made them into jpegs so they would be easy to view on the web. Click on one to see it full size. It will be more legible.
Introduction: Dollars in thousands. Data is current as of 21 December 2007. Sources are listed at the end.
FMS deliveries: Foreign Military Sales is the total dollar value of defense articles delivered to a foreign government or international organization in any fiscal year
FMF: Foreign Military Financing is the amount of credit/grant aid extended to a foreign government or international organization in any fiscal year for the procurement of defense articles. Such articles may be procured from U.S. Defense agencies through FMS or may be negotiated directly with U.S. commercial suppliers following the approval of the Department of Defense. FMF credit is extended in the form of direct loans, which must be repaid, or grants, which do not require repayment. However, repayments of nearly all FMF loans to African countries are waived, so that in effect all FMF aid for Africa is free.
DCS: The total dollar value of Direct Commercial Sales purchased directly from U.S. manufacturers by foreign governments. The Office of Defense Trade Controls of the Department of State licenses all sales.
EDA: Excess Defense Articles is the acquisition cost of surplus U.S. defense articles transferred to foreign governments by the Defense Security Cooperation Agency of the Department of Defense.
IMET: International Military Education and Training is the dollar value allocated in any fiscal year for the training of foreign military personnel at U.S. military facilities and the total number of students trained at these institutions.
As Volman says, data is current as of 21 December 2007. You can get a pretty clear idea of the continuing trend from these tables
For More Information: For additional information, see Rachel Stohl, “U.S. Arms Exports and Military Assistance in the ‘Global War on Terror,’” Center for Defense Information (CDI), Washington, DC, 6 September 2007, available from CDI: http://www.cdi.org. See also country studies on Algeria, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Kenya linked to the above report.
Sources: Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations, Fiscal Year 2008, U.S. Department of State, 2007 and Foreign Military Sales, Foreign Military Construction Sales, and Other Security Cooperation Historical Facts as of September 30, 2006, U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency, 2006.
For an updated discussion of these programs, and more, see Daniel Volman’s recent article AFRICOM from Bush to Obama. And for more discussion of the implications of all this see his most recent article: Making Peace or Fueling War in Africa, by Daniel Volman and William Minter | March 13, 2009.